Volume 9, Issue 28 (Spring 2015)                   IJT 2015, 9(28): 1271-1276 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Department of Fishery, Payame Noor University (PNU), Tehran, Iran , sadeghi.a_shilat@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (3083 Views)
Background: The presence of pesticides is very prevalent in surface waters of Iran due to their huge consumption for agricultural purpose. These toxic substances may accumulate in the food chain and cause serious ecological and health problems. Chemical pesticides with persistent molecules (long half-life periods) pose a threat to aquatic life forms and the human population consuming the affected fish.
Methods: Fish samples were exposed to different concentrations of oxadiazon 25% (0, 2, 4, 8, 16 and 32 ppm), deltamethrin 2.5% (0, 0.02, 0.05, 0.10, 0.20, and 0.30 ppm), and malathion 57% (0, 5, 10, 15, 20, and 30 ppm) within a 120 L capacity glass aquaria for 96 h. Their cumulative mortality of platy fish was calculated with a 24-hour interval.
Results: LC50-96h was 7.59±0.42, 0.11±0.46, and 12.05±0.75 for oxadiazon, deltamethrin, and malathion, respectively. The very low LC50 obtained for oxadiazon (7.59±0.42 ppm), deltamethrin (0.11±0.46 ppm), and malathion (12.05±0.75 ppm) indicates that oxadiazon, deltamethrin and malathion are highly toxic to platy fish.
Conclusion: The results of this study demonstrate that deltamethrin and malathion had the lowest and highest rate of mortality on the platy fish, respectively.
Full-Text [PDF 3313 kb]   (1418 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special