[Home ] [Archive]    
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 10, Issue 4 (July-August 2016) ::
IJT 2016, 10(4): 41-46 Back to browse issues page
Analysis of Heavy Metals in Surface Sediments from Agh Gel Wetland, Iran
Soheil Sobhanardakani , Mehrnaz Ghoochian
Department of the Environment, Hamedan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Hamedan, Iran. , s_sobhan@iauh.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1591 Views)

Background: Soil and sediment serve as major reservoir for contaminants as they possess ability to bind various chemicals together. In this study the concentrations of heavy metals Cd, Cr and Cu were analyzed in surface sediments of Agh Gel Wetland in west of Iran.

Methods: The sediment samples were taken from 10 stations. The samples were subjected to bulk digestion and chemical partitioning and Cd, Cr and Cu concentrations of the sediments were determined by ICP-OES. Geo-accumulation index (I-geo), Contamination factor (CF) and Pollution load index (PLI) were used to evaluate the magnitude of contaminants in the sediment profile.

Results: The mean sediment concentrations (mg kg-1 dry weight) ranged within 0.20-0.29 (Cd), 58-71 (Cr) and 23-36 (Cu). According to the I-geo values, the sediments' qualities are classified as unpolluted to moderately polluted category. According to the CF values, the sediments' qualities are classified as low to moderate contamination. Furthermore, the PLI values indicated that there were no metal pollution exists for all sampling stations.

Conclusion: The Agh Gel Wetland is potential to be threatened by chemical pollutants such as agricultural effluent. So to preserve the environment of the Agh Gel Wetland from deterioration, periodically monitoring of the water and sediment qualities is recommended.

Keywords: Agh Gel Wetland, Anthropogenic, Geochemical Indices, Heavy Metals, Sediment
Full-Text [PDF 337 kb]   (897 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
References
1. Chapman DV. Water Quality Assessments: A guide to the use of biota, sediments and water in environmental monitoring. E&FN Spon., World Health Organization, Cambridge, United Kingdom. 1996;609 pp. [DOI:10.4324/NOE0419216001]
2. Rangel-Peraza JG, de Anda J, González-Farías FA, Rode M, Sanhouse-García A, Bustos-Terrones YA. Assessment of heavy metals in sediment of Aguamilpa Dam, Mexico. Environ Monit Assess 2015;187:134. [DOI:10.1007/s10661-015-4359-z]
3. Jha SK, Chavan SB, Pandit GG, Sadasivan S. Geochronology of Pb and Hg pollution in a coastal marine environment using global fallout 137Cs. J Environ Radioactiv 2003 (69):145-57.
4. Xia P, Meng XW, Yin P. Eighty-year sedimentary record of heavy metal inputs in the intertidal sediments from the Nanliu River estuary, Beibu Gulf of South China Sea. Environ Pollut 2011 (159):92-9. [DOI:10.1016/j.envpol.2010.09.014]
5. Shang Z, Ren J, Tao L, Wang X. Assessment of heavy metals in surface sediments from Gansu section of Yellow River, China. Environ Monit Assess 2015;187:79 [DOI:10.1007/s10661-015-4328-6]
6. Ochieng EZ, Lalah JO, Wandiga SO. Analysis of heavy metals in water and surface sediment in five rift valley lakes in Kenya for assessment of recent increase in anthropogenic activities. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 2007 (79):570-6. [DOI:10.1007/s00128-007-9286-4]
7. Jeon BH, Dempsey BA, Burgos WD, Royer RA. Sorption kinetics of Fe(II), Zn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cd(II), and Fe(II)/Me(II) onto hermatite. Water Res 2003 (37):4135-42. [DOI:10.1016/S0043-1354(03)00342-7]
8. Schmitt D, Saravia F, Frimmel FH, Schuessler W. NOM-facilitated transport of metal ions in aquifers: importance of complex-dissociation kinetics and colloid formation. Water Res 2003 (37):3541-50. [DOI:10.1016/S0043-1354(01)00525-5]
9. Cevik F, Goksu MZL, Derici OB. An assessment of metal pollution in surface sediments of Seyhan dam by using enrichment factor, geoaccumulation index and statistical analyses. Environ Monit 2009 (152): 309-17.
10. Cuadro DG, Perillo GME. Principal component analysis applied to geomorphologic evolution. Estuar Coast Shelf Sci 1997 (44):411- 9. [DOI:10.1006/ecss.1996.0144]
11. Villaescusa-Celaya JA, Gutierrez-Galindo EE, Flores-Munoz G. Heavy metals in the fine fraction of coastal sedimenys from Baja California (Mexico) and California (USA). Environ Pollut 2000 (108):453-62. [DOI:10.1016/S0269-7491(99)00222-5]
12. Astani S, Sobhanardakani S. Evaluation of tourism climate comfort index of Agh Gel Wetland in Hamadan Province using Terjung Bioclimatic Index. J Wetl Ecobiol 2012 (11):75-82. (In Persian)
13. Baek YW, An YJ. Assessment of toxic heavy metals in urban lake sediments as related to urban stressor and bioavailability. Environ Monit Assess 2010 (171):529-37. [DOI:10.1007/s10661-009-1297-7]
14. Mohammadi Roozbahani M, Sobhanardakani S, Karimi H, Sorooshnia R. Natural and anthropogenic source of heavy metals pollution in the soil samples of an industrial complex; a case study. Iran J Toxicol 2015 (29):1336-41.
15. Sobhanardakani S, Jamshidi K. Assessment of metals content (Co, Ni and Zn) in sediments of Mighan Wetland using geo-accumulation index. Iran J Toxicol 2015 (30):1386-90.
16. Hakanson L. Ecological risk index for aquatic pollution control. A sedimentological approach. Water Res 1980 (14):975-1001. [DOI:10.1016/0043-1354(80)90143-8]
17. Tomlinson DC, Wilson JG, Harris CR, Jeffery DW. Problems in the assessment of heavy metals levels in estuaries and the formation of a pollution index, Helgol. Wiss. Meeresunters 1980 (33):566-75. [DOI:10.1007/BF02414780]
18. Grosbois CA, Horowitz AJ, Smith JJ, Elrick KA. The effect of mining and related activities on the sediment trace element geochemistry of Lake Coeur DAlene, Idaho USA. Part III: the Spokane River Basin. Hydro Process 2001 (15):855- 75.
19. Banu Z, Chowdhury SA, Hossain D, Nakagam K. Contamination and ecological risk assessment of heavy metal in the sediment of Turag River, Bangladesh: An index analysis approach. J Water Res Protect 2013 (5): 239-48.
20. Mireles F, Pinedo JL, Davila JI, Oliva JE, Speakman RJ, Glascock MD. Assessing sediment pollution from the Julian Adame-Alatorre dam by instrumental neutron activation analysis. Microchem J 2011 (99):20-5. [DOI:10.1016/j.microc.2011.03.014]
21. Sekabira K, Oryem Origa H, Basamba TA, Mutumba G, Kakudidi E. Assessment of heavy metal pollution in the urban stream sediments and its tributaries. Int J Environ Sci Technol 2010 (7):435-46. [DOI:10.1007/BF03326153]
22. Karbassi AR, Torabi F, Ghazban F, Ardestani M. Association of trace metals with various sedimentary phases in dam reservoirs. Int J Environ Sci Technol 2011 (8):841-52. [DOI:10.1007/BF03326267]
23. Vesali Naseh MR, Karbassi, AR, Ghazaban F, Baghvand A. Evaluation of Heavy Metal Pollution in Anzali Wetland, Guilan, Iran. Iran J Toxicol 2012 (5):565-76.
24. Sobhanardakani S, Jamshidi K, Niazi A. Investigation of Fe, Pb, Cd and Cu concentrations in sediments of Mighan Wetland using geo-accumulation index. J Wetl Ecobiol 2014 (20):67-78. (In Persian)
25. Sobhanardakani S, Habibi H. Investigation of Heavy Metals Content in Sediments of Shirin Su Wetland, Western Iran. J Chem Health Risk 2015; In Press.
26. Karbassi AR, Bayati I, Moattar F. Origin and chemical partitioning of heavy metals in riverbed sediments. Int J Environ Sci Technol 2006 (3):35-42. [DOI:10.1007/BF03325905]
27. Karbassi AR, Nabi-bidhendi GhR, Bayati I. Environmental geochemistry of heavy metals in a sediment core of Bushehr, Persian Gulf. Iran J Environ Sci Health Eng 2005 (2):255-60.
28. Karbassi AR, Valavi S. Determination of heavy metal pollution (Hg, Pb, Cd, Ni, Fe and Zn) in the Bamdezh wetland sediments using Muller geochemical index. J Environ Stud 2010 (36):1-10. (In Persian)
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA code


XML     Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Sobhanardakani S, Ghoochian M. Analysis of Heavy Metals in Surface Sediments from Agh Gel Wetland, Iran. IJT. 2016; 10 (4) :41-46
URL: http://ijt.arakmu.ac.ir/article-1-467-en.html


Volume 10, Issue 4 (July-August 2016) Back to browse issues page
مجله سم شناسی و مسمومیتهای ایران Iranian Journal of Toxicology
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.08 seconds with 31 queries by YEKTAWEB 3754