[Home ] [Archive]    
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 11, Issue 4 (July-August 2017) ::
IJT 2017, 11(4): 1-3 Back to browse issues page
Mercury and Lead Levels in Common Soaps from Local Markets in Mashhad, Iran
Anahita Alizadeh , Mahdi Balali-Mood , Adeleh Mahdizadeh , Bamdad Riahi-Zanjani *
Ph.D of Clinical Toxicology, Medical Toxicology Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran. , riahib@mums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (688 Views)

Background: The potential toxicity of human exposure was investigated to heavy metals from diverse sources but few or none was on Iranian soaps. Hence, we aimed to determine the presence of lead and mercury in selected soaps commonly used in Mashhad, northeastern Iran.

Methods: Different common brands of cosmetic, hygiene and contraband soaps were purchased from retail market of Mashhad in 2016. Levels of these metals were determined using atomic absorption spectroscopy technique.

Results: All samples had the mercury and lead levels but did not exceed the maximum acceptable level (1 µg/g for mercury and 20 µg/g for lead) recommended by FDA. The mean levels of mercury were 0.02, 0.08 and 0.23 µg/g, respectively in cosmetic, hygiene and contraband soaps. These levels for lead were 0.10, 0.19 and 0.13 µg/g. The highest mercury and lead levels were detected in Halazoon contraband and P hygiene brands, respectively.

Conclusion: The content of mercury and lead in common soaps is currently not a concern in this city. However, as human body may be exposed to several toxic metals from different care products simultaneously, cumulative toxic effects of these metals must be considered important.

Keywords: Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy, Iran, Lead, Mercury, Soap
Full-Text [PDF 269 kb]   (477 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
References
1. Abdullah S, Ibrahim A. Determination of Some Heavy Metals in Selected Beauty and African Black Soaps Commonly Used in Kano–Nigeria. Chem Search J 2013;4(2):1-5.
2. Salama AK. Assessment of metals in cosmetics commonly used in Saudi Arabia. Environ Monit Assess 2015;188(10):553-64. [DOI:10.1007/s10661-016-5550-6]
3. Vahid DM, Foroughi M, Mohammadi MF, Hassanzadeh A, Nourmoradi H. Studying the lead concentration rate in the most populareye shadow cosmetics in Isfahan city, Iran. Health System Res 2012;8(3):487-92.
4. Abulude F, Eluyode O, Jegede A. An investigation into the effect of traffic pollution on the levels of some heavy metals in goats' urine samples. J Anim Vet Adv 2006;5(2):132-4.
5. Abulude F, Akinjagunla Y, Omoniyi A. An Investigation into the Effect of Vehicle Exhaust Fumes on the Level of Some Heavy Metals in Cows Blood. Res J Biol Sci 2006;1(1-4):9-11.
6. Adebajo S. An epidemiological survey of the use of cosmetic skin lightening cosmetics among traders in Lagos, Nigeria. Mercury 2002;5(7):43-8.
7. Bánfalvi G. Heavy metals, trace elements and their cellular effects: Springer; 2011. [DOI:10.1007/978-94-007-0428-2]
8. Rai S, Sharma DK, Arora S, Sharma M, Chopra A. Concentration of the heavy metals in Aloe vera L.(Aloe barbadensis Miller) Leaves collected from different geographical locations of India. Ann Biol Res 2011;2(6):575-9.
9. Duruibe J, Ogwuegbu M, Egwurugwu J. Heavy metal pollution and human biotoxic effects. Int J Phys Sci 2007;2(5):112-8.
10. Linnik PM. Zinc, lead and cadmium speciation in Dnieper water‐bodies. Lakes & Reservoirs: Res Manage 2000;5(4):261-70. [DOI:10.1046/j.1440-1770.2000.00126.x]
11. Omolaoye J, Uzairu A, Gimba C. Heavy metal assessment of some eye shadow products imported into Nigeria from China. Arch Appl Sci Res 2010;2(5):76-84.
12. Nnorom I, Igwe J, Oji-Nnorom C. Trace metal contents of facial (make-up) cosmetics commonly used in Nigeria. Afr J Biotechnol 2005;4(10): 1133-38.
13. Chauhan AS, Bhadauria R, Singh AK, Lodhi SS, Chaturvedi DK, Tomar VS. Determination of lead and cadmium in cosmetic products. J Chem Pharm Res 2010;2(6):92-7.
14. Sin K, Tsang H. Large-scale mercury exposure due to a cream cosmetic: community-wide case series. Hong Kong Med J 2003;9(5):329-34.
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

Write the security code in the box >



XML     Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Alizadeh A, Balali-Mood M, Mahdizadeh A, Riahi-Zanjani B. Mercury and Lead Levels in Common Soaps from Local Markets in Mashhad, Iran. IJT. 2017; 11 (4) :1-3
URL: http://ijt.arakmu.ac.ir/article-1-598-en.html


Volume 11, Issue 4 (July-August 2017) Back to browse issues page
مجله سم شناسی و مسمومیتهای ایران Iranian Journal of Toxicology
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.049 seconds with 820 queries by yektaweb 3600