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Conflict of Interest

 | Post date: 2019/10/30 | 
Public trust in the peer-review process and the credibility of published articles depend in part on how well conflict of interest is handled during writing, peer review, and editorial decision making. Conflict of interest exists when the authors, affiliated institutions, reviewers or editors have financial or personal relationships that inappropriately influence their actions. The potential for conflict of interests can exist regardless of whether an individual believes that the relationship affects his or her scientific judgment.
 
All participants in the journal’s peer-review process of all submissions must disclose any relationship that could be potential conflicts of interest. Editors may use the disclosure statements as the basis for making editorial decisions. The journal editors should publish this information if they believe it is important in judging the manuscripts. Incidence of potential conflicts of interest may include, but not limited to, the following:
 
1. Authors’ Commitment: Authors are responsible for disclosing all financial and personal relationships that might bias their submissions.  They must state explicitly whether potential conflicts exist. Authors should identify Individuals who provided writing or other assistance and disclose the funding source(s).
 
2. Source of Funding: Studies may receive funding from sources, including commercial firms, non-profit foundations and/or government. The conditions of funding may have the potential to bias or discredit the studies. The journal’s editors may choose to reject an article if a sponsor has asserted control over the authors’ right to publish.
 
3. Reviewers: Authors may provide the names of individuals they feel should, or should not be asked to review their manuscripts, because of potential conflicts of interest. In such cases, authors should justify their concerns. Such information is important to editors in deciding whether to honor the authors’ request. The journal reviewers must disclose to the journal editors any conflicts of interest that could bias their opinions about specific manuscript(s). In such cases, they should refuse from reviewing the manuscripts in question.
 
4. Editors: The editors who make the final decisions about manuscripts must have no personal, professional or financial involvement in any of the issues they might judge. Other members of the editorial board must provide the editors with a clear and current description of their financial interests.  These individual may refuse from making any editorial decisions in which a conflict of interest exists. Editorial staff must not use information gained through the review process for private gains. The journal’s Editor-in- Chief should regularly publish on the policies and guidelines regarding conflict of interests for authors, reviewers, editors and other journal staff.

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