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Volume 6, Issue 17 (Summer 2012)                   IJT 2012, 6(17): 638-641 | Back to browse issues page

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Farsinejad M, Sanaei-Zadeh H. Methadone Detoxification versus Traditional Gradual Decrease in the Consumed Amount of Refined Opium Dross (Shireh): The Preferred Method for Controlling Withdrawal Syndrome. IJT. 2012; 6 (17) :638-641
URL: http://ijt.arakmu.ac.ir/article-1-130-en.html
1- Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , h-sanaiezadeh@tums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (10311 Views)
Background: The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of methadone detoxification with traditional method of gradual decrement in the abused amount of the refined opium dross (Shireh) to control withdrawal syndrome in Shireh-addicted patients. Methods: In this study, two groups of Shireh addicts were compared. The first group was treated by methadone and the second group by gradual decrement in the amount of consumed Shireh. Those experiencing the adverse effects of the treatment were excluded from the study. Methadone dose was calculated based on the amount of the Shireh consumed and detoxification was performed during a 21-day period. In the second group, the amount of the consumed Shireh was gradually decreased within 21 days and some of the withdrawal symptoms were selected as indicators for patient evaluation.
Results: A total of 35 patients (16 versus 19 patients in the first and second groups) were evaluated. Their mean age was 43 ± 4 years and all were male. A statistically significant difference was found between these two groups in terms of severity and duration of withdrawal symptoms within the first five days and their duration after the 21st day of the onset of detoxification (P< 0.05).
Conclusion: In comparison with methadone detoxification, traditional method of gradually decreasing the consumed amount of Shireh controls the severity and duration of withdrawal symptoms better in the course of detoxification.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special

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