Volume 12, Issue 2 (March-April 2018)                   IJT 2018, 12(2): 1-6 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Aazami J, Taban P. Monitoring of Heavy Metals in Water, Sediment and Phragmites australis of Aras River along the Iranian-Armenian Border. IJT. 2018; 12 (2) :1-6
URL: http://ijt.arakmu.ac.ir/article-1-633-en.html
Department of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran. , j.aazami@znu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (989 Views)
Background: Aras River is the main source of drinking water supply in northwestern provinces of Iran. The present study aimed to determine the concentration of heavy metals in the river on the border between Iran and Armenia.
Methods: Three samples were taken from the Aras river water, the river bottom sediments and the root of Phragmites australis. In water sampling, the concentration of Hg, Mo, Cu, C o, B, Cd, Ni, Zn, Pb, Al, Mn, Cr, and Fe was noticed while in sediment sampling, to measure the concentration of Cu and Mo. In samples taken from the plant root, the concentration of Cu was only analyzed. The water sampling was performed at 11 stations along the river course during four seasons fall, winter, spring and summer 2011.
Results: The highest and lowest concentrations respectively belonged to Al (2600 ppb) and Cd (0.4 ppb). Parameters including B, Cu, Mo and Al were all higher than the standard limits. The results obtained from sediment and root sampling indicated that the concentration of Cu exceeds the standard.
Conclusion: Poor quality of Aras River reveals to the necessity of implementing mitigation measures to improve the water quality of the river.
Full-Text [PDF 1321 kb]   (460 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General

1. Chary NS, Kamala C, Raj DSS. Assessing risk of heavy metals from consuming food grown on sewage irrigated soils and food chain transfer. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2008;69(3):513-24. [DOI:10.1016/j.ecoenv.2007.04.013]
2. Kunze R, Frommer WB, Flügge U-I. Metabolic engineering of plants: the role of membrane transport. Metab Biol 2002;4(1):57-66. [DOI:10.1006/mben.2001.0207]
3. Kabata-Pendias A, Pendias H. Trace elements in soils and plants: CRC press Boca Raton; 2008.
4. Quan W, Han J, Shen A, Ping X, Qian P, Li C, et al. Uptake and distribution of N, P and heavy metals in three dominant salt marsh macrophytes from Yangtze River estuary, China. Mar Environ Res 2007;64:21-37. [DOI:10.1016/j.marenvres.2006.12.005]
5. Kamal M, Ghaly A, Mahmoud N, Cote R. Phytoaccumulation of heavy metals by aquatic plants. Atmos Environ 2004;29:1029-39. [DOI:10.1016/S0160-4120(03)00091-6]
6. Baldantoni D, Alfani A, Di Tommasi P, Bartoli G, De Santo AV. Assessment of macro and microelement accumulation capability of two aquatic plants. Environ Poll 2004;130:149-56. [DOI:10.1016/j.envpol.2003.12.015]
7. Giarratano E, Amin OA. Heavy metals monitoring in the southernmost mussel farm of the world (Beagle Channel, Argentina). E cotoxicol. Environ Saf 2010;73:1378-84. [DOI:10.1016/j.ecoenv.2010.06.023]
8. Bonanno G, Giudice RL. Heavy metal bioaccumulation by the organs of Phragmites australis (common reed) and their potential use as contamination indicators. Ecol Eng 2010;10:639-45. [DOI:10.1016/j.ecolind.2009.11.002]
9. Southichak B, Nakano K, Nomura M, Chiba N, Nishimura O. Phragmites australis: A novel biosorbent for the removal of heavy metals from aqueous solution. Wat Res 2006;40:2295-302. [DOI:10.1016/j.watres.2006.04.027]
10. Du Laing G, Tack FM, Verloo MG. Performance of selected destruction methods for the determination of heavy metals in reed plants (Phragmites australis). Anal Chim Acta 2003;497:191-8. [DOI:10.1016/j.aca.2003.08.044]
11. Bragato C, Schiavon M, Polese R, Ertani A, Pittarello M, Malagoli M. Seasonal variations of Cu, Zn, Ni and Cr concentration in Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin ex steudel in a constructed wetland of North Italy. Desal 2009;246:35-44. [DOI:10.1016/j.desal.2008.02.036]
12. Wu Z, Chen H, Wang W, Jia B, Yang T, Zhao Z, et al. Differentiation of dried sea cucumber products from different geographical areas by surface desorption atmospheric pressure chemical ionization mass spectrometry. J Agric Food Chem 2009;57:9356-64. [DOI:10.1021/jf9018504]
13. Bonanno G. Trace element accumulation and distribution in the organs of Phragmites australis (common reed) and biomonitoring applications. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2011;74:1057-64. [DOI:10.1016/j.ecoenv.2011.01.018]
14. Ganjali S, Ghasemi A. Heavy Metal Contamination in the Sediments of Anzali International Wetland, Northern Iran Based on Type Regional Development. Iran J Toxicol 2016;10(5).
15. Novotny V. Water quality: Diffuse pollution and watershed management: John Wiley & Sons; 2003.
16. WHO. Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality [electronic resource]: incorporating 1st and 2nd addenda, Vol. 1, Recommendations. 2008.
17. Wang Y, Feng C, Liu Y, Zhao Y, Li H, Zhao T, et al. Comparative study of species sensitivity distributions based on non-parametric kernel density estimation for some transition metals. Environ Pol 2017;221:343-50. [DOI:10.1016/j.envpol.2016.11.084]
18. Rezaeian M, Moghadam MT. Determination of Heavy Metal in Agricultural Soils near and Far From the Cement Factory in Tehran, Iran. Iran J Toxicol 2016;10(5):23-26. [DOI:10.29252/arakmu.10.5.23]
19. Sobhanardakani S, Ghoochian M. Analysis of Heavy Metals in Surface Sediments from Agh Gel Wetland, Iran. Iran J Toxicol 2016;10(4):41-6.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2019 All Rights Reserved | Iranian Journal of Toxicology

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb