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Volume 6, Issue 17 (Summer 2012)                   IJT 2012, 6(17): 635-637 | Back to browse issues page

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Farsinejad M, Kazemzadeh N, Emamhadi M, Zamani N, Sanaei-Zadeh H. Cerebrospinal Fluid Indices in Acute Drug Intoxication Do they Predict the Patients’ Outcome?. IJT. 2012; 6 (17) :635-637
URL: http://ijt.arakmu.ac.ir/article-1-129-en.html
1- Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- Department of Forensic Medicine and Clinical Toxicology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3- Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , h-sanaiezadeh@tums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (9969 Views)
 Introduction: In some intoxicated patients, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is examined due to the prolonged loss of consciousness, focal neurologic findings, and fever of unknown origin. We aimed to evaluate the probable relationship between the different toxicity causes and the CSF indices in poisoned patients and determine if they could predict the patients’ outcome.
Methods: All patients who had been admitted to the toxicology intensive care unit of Loghman-Hakim hospital between March 2006 and March 2011 and had undergone lumbar puncture (LP) were included into this retrospective study. The patients’ demographic data and results of CSF evaluation (level of glucose, lactate dehydrogenase, protein, and white blood cells in CSF fluid) were evaluated. The data was analyzed using SPSS software version 17.
Results: A total of 111 patients were evaluated. Mean age of the patients was 37±15 years. Thirteen (11.7%) had deceased. No relation was found between the cause of poisoning (medication involved) and the changes in CSF indices. A statistically significant difference was found between the survivors and non-survivors in terms of CSF protein, LDH, and WBC. However, such a difference was not detected between these two groups regarding CSF glucose.
Conclusion: In intoxicated patients with prolonged decreased level of consciousness or prolonged fever, early evaluation of CSF can help early diagnosis of complications such as meningitis and prompt treatment. Also, high level of protein, LDH, and WBC in the CSF can predict higher mortality rates in these patients.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special

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