Write your message
Volume 10, Issue 3 (May-June 2016)                   IJT 2016, 10(3): 35-40 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Sobhanardakani S. Evaluation of the Water Quality Pollution Indices for Groundwater Resources of Ghahavand Plain, Hamadan Province, Western Iran. IJT. 2016; 10 (3) :35-40
URL: http://ijt.arakmu.ac.ir/article-1-463-en.html
Department of the Environment, Hamedan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Hamedan, Iran. , s_sobhan@iauh.ac.ir
Abstract:   (4624 Views)

Background: Due to the increasing pollution of water resources, this study was carried out for evaluation of water quality pollution indices for monitoring of heavy metals (As, Zn, Pb and Cu) contamination in Ghahavand Plain, Hamadan Province, Western Iran during spring and summer 2012.

Methods: Totally, 20 ground water wells were chosen randomly. The samples were filtered (0.45 μm) and maintained cool in polyethylene bottles. Samples were taken for the analysis of metals, the former was acidified with HNO3 to pH lower than 2. Metal concentrations were determined using ICP-OES.

Results: The mean values of Contamination index (Cd), Heavy metal pollution index (HPI) and Heavy metal evaluation index (HEI) in samples for spring season were -2.27, 9.01 and 1.73 respectively and in samples for summer season were -1.95, 8.69 and 2.04 respectively. It indicates low contamination levels. Comparing the mean concentrations of the evaluated metals with WHO permissible limits showed a significant difference (P<0.05).

Conclusion: The mean concentrations of the metals were significantly lower than the permissible limits. Although the heavy metal pollution of the ground water in Ghahavand Plain is lower than WHO permissible limits, but severe precautions consideration such as manage the use of agricultural inputs, prevention of use of wastewater and sewage sludge in agriculture, control of overuse of organic fertilizers and establishment of pollutant industries are recommended in this area.

Full-Text [PDF 287 kb]   (2677 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special

1. Prasanna MV, Chitambaram S, Hameed AS, Srinivasamoorthy K. Hydrogeochemical analysis and evaluation of groundwater quality in the Gadilam river basin, Tamil Nadu, India. J Earth Syst Sci 2011;120(1):85-98. [DOI:10.1007/s12040-011-0004-6]
2. Prasad B, Kumari P, Bano S, Kumari S. Ground water quality evaluation near mining area and development of heavy metal pollution index. Appl Water Sci 2014;4:11-7. [DOI:10.1007/s13201-013-0126-x]
3. Zarazua G, Avila-Perez P, Tejeda S, Barcelo-Quintal I, Martinez T. Analysis of total and dissolved heavy metals in surface water of a Mexican polluted river by total reflection X-ray fluorescence spectrometry. Spectrochim Acta B 2006;61:1180-4. [DOI:10.1016/j.sab.2006.06.010]
4. Abdullah EJ. Quality assessment for Shatt Al-Arab River using heavy metal pollution index and metal index. J Environ Earth Sci 2013;3(5):114-20.
5. Prasad B, Bose JM. Evaluation of the heavy metal pollution index for surface and spring water near a Limeston mining area of the lower Himalayas. Environ Geol 2001;41(1-2):183-8. [DOI:10.1007/s002540100380]
6. Maria-Alexandra H, Roman C, Ristoiu D, Popita G, Tanaselia C. Assessing of water quality pollution Indices for hevay metal contamination. A study case from Medias City groundwaters. Agric Sci Pract 2013;3-4:25-31.
7. Sobhanardakani S, Jamali M, Maànijou M. Evaluation of As, Zn, Cr and Mn concentrations in groundwater resources of Razan Plain and preparing the zoning map using GIS. J Environ Sci Technol 2014a;16(2):25-38. (in Persian)
8. Sobhanardakani S, Razban SS, Maànijou M. Evaluation of concentration of some heavy metals in ground water resources of Qahavand Plain-Hamedan. J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci 2014b;18(6):339-48. (In Persian)
9. American Public Health Association (APHA). Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Waste water, 20th edition, Washington DC: APHA; 2005. p. 135-8.
10. Edet AE, Offiong OE. Evaluation of water quality pollution indices for heavy metal contamination monitoring. A study case from Akpabuyo-Odukpani area, Lower Cross River Basin (southeastern Nigeria). Geo J 2002;57:295-304. [DOI:10.1023/B:GEJO.0000007250.92458.de]
11. Backman B, Bodis D, Lahermo P, Rapant S, Tarvainen T. Application of a groundwater contamination index in Finland and Slovakia. Environ Geol 1998;36(1-2):55-64. [DOI:10.1007/s002540050320]
12. Nasrabadi T. An index approach to metallic pollution in river waters. Int J Environ Res 2015;9(1):385-94.
13. Hosseinpour Moghaddam M, Lashkaripour GR, Dehghan P. Assessing the effect of heavy metal concentrations (Fe, Pb, Zn, Ni, Cd, As, Cu, Cr) on the quality of adjacent groundwater resources of Khorasan steel complex. Int J Plant Anim Environ Sci 2014;4(2):511-8.
14. Horton RK. An index systems for rating water quality. J Water Pollut Control Fed 1965;3: 300-6.
15. Mohan SV, Nithila P, Reddy SJ. Estimation of heavy metals in drinking water and development of heavy metal pollution index. J Environ Sci Health A. 1996;31:283-9. [DOI:10.1080/10934529609376357]
16. Edet AE, Merkel BJ, Offiong OE. Trace element hydrochemical assessment of the Calabar Coastal Plain Aquifer, southeastern Nigeria using statistical methods. Environ Geol 2003;44:137-49.
17. Nazari A, Sobhan Ardakani S. Assessment of pollution index of heavy metals in groundwater resources of Qaleh Shahin plain (2013-2014). J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci 2015;19(2):102-8. (In Persian)
18. Sobhan Ardakani S, Nazari A. Assessment of Pb and Cd pollution in groundwater resources of Qaleeh Shahin Plain using Heavy Metal Pollution Index in 2014. Health Syst Res 2015; In Press. (In Persian)

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2021 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Iranian Journal of Toxicology

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb