[Home ] [Archive]    
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 10, Issue 5 (September-October 2016) ::
IJT 2016, 10(5): 1-6 Back to browse issues page
Heavy Metal Contamination in the Sediments of Anzali International Wetland, Northern Iran Based on Type Regional Development
Saeed Ganjali * , Amin Ghasemi
MSc in Environmental Sciences, Young Researchers and Elite Club, Hamedan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Hamedan, Iran. , said.ganjali@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1190 Views)

Background: The most important factors and problems threatening the Anzali Wetland are the contaminant load and sediments entering the wetland, as well as lack of an integrated management plan for this wetland. The main objectives of the current research were to explore whether there are significant differences in concentrations of Zn, Cd, and Pb in surface sediments among different sites (based on type region development) of the Anzali Wetland, Northern Iran.

Methods: Through a field study, samples were collected from 10 stations based on the type of regional development and contaminant source inputs of Anzali Wetland in 2015. Using a hot-block digester, the sediment samples were digested with a 4:1 combination of nitric acid (HNO3) and perchloric acid (HCLO4) for one hour at 40 °C, followed by 3 h at 140 °C. Afterwards, samples were filtered with Whatman 42, filter paper and the filtrate was kept in polyethylene containers at 4 °C, until analysis by atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS).

Results: Mean ± SD levels of metals in the sediments of different stations were 26.7 ± 3.49 (lead), 4.36 ± 0.47 (cadmium), and 88.44 ± 10.06 (zinc) μg g-1 dw. There was a significant difference between the stations of the wetland (P < 0.05). This difference could be due to the variations in the input of contaminant sources into the Anzali Wetland.

Conclusions: The areas, affected by urban and industrial developments, had the highest level of contamination while the agricultural and less-developed areas had the lowest level of contamination, and therefore, protective plans must be implemented in developed areas in order to lower the level of heavy metals.

Keywords: Heavy Metal, Iran, Regional Developments, Sediments.
Full-Text [PDF 258 kb]   (665 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
1. De Zwart D. Monitoring water quality in the future. Biomonitoring. The Netherlands, Bilthoven–RIVM 1995;3:83-4.
2. Dunbabin JS, Bowmer KH. Potential use of constructed wetlands for treatment of industrial wastewaters containing metals. Sci Total Environ. 1992;111(2):151-68. [DOI:10.1016/0048-9697(92)90353-T]
3. Duman F, Cicek M, Sezen G. Seasonal changes of metal accumulation and distribution in common club rush (Schoenoplectus lacustris) and common reed (Phragmites australis). Ecotoxicology 2007;16(6):457-63. [DOI:10.1007/s10646-007-0150-4]
4. Kazemi A, Bakhtiari AR, Kheirabadi N, Barani H, Haidari B. Distribution patterns of metals contamination in sediments based on type regional development on the intertidal coastal zones of the Persian Gulf, Iran. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 2012;88(1):100-3. [DOI:10.1007/s00128-011-0412-y]
5. Ganjali S, Mortazavi S. The Swan Mussel (Anodonta cygnea) in Anzali Wetland of Iran, a Potential Biomonitor for Cd and Pb. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 2014;93(2):154-8. [DOI:10.1007/s00128-014-1317-3]
6. Ganjali S, Tayebi L, Atabati H, Mortazavi S. Phragmites australis as a heavy metal bioindicator in the Anzali wetland of Iran. Toxicol Environ Chem 2014;96(9):1428-34. [DOI:10.1080/02772248.2014.942310]
7. Yang Z, Wang Y, Shen Z, Niu J, Tang Z. Distribution and speciation of heavy metals in sediments from the mainstream, tributaries, and lakes of the Yangtze River catchment of Wuhan, China. J Hazard Mater 2009;166(2):1186-94. [DOI:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.12.034]
8. Zulkifli SZ, Mohamat-Yusuff F, Arai T, Ismail A, Miyazaki N. An assessment of selected trace elements in intertidal surface sediments collected from the Peninsular Malaysia. Environ Monit Assess 2010;169(1-4):457-72. [DOI:10.1007/s10661-009-1189-x]
9. Singh KP, Mohan D, Singh VK, Malik A. Studies on distribution and fractionation of heavy metals in Gomti river sediments-a tributary of the Ganges, India. J Hydrol (Amst) 2005;312(1):14-27. [DOI:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2005.01.021]
10. Ganjali S, Ildoromi A, Mortazavi S. Assessment of Anodonta cygnea as a Biomonitor Agent for Copper and Zinc in Anzali Wetland, Iran. Iranian J Toxicol 2014;8(25):1048-53.
11. JICA (Japan International Cooperation Agency). The study on integrated management of the Anzali Wetland in the Islamic Republic of Iran. 2005. p. 222.
12. Ghazban F, Zare Khosheghbal M. Studying the contamination sources of heavy metals in the sediments of Anzali wetland. J Ecol 2011; 57:45-56.
13. Pourang N, Richardson C, Mortazavi M. Heavy metal concentrations in the soft tissues of swan mussel (Anodonta cygnea) and surficial sediments from Anzali wetland, Iran. Environ Monit Assess 2010;163(1-4):195-213. [DOI:10.1007/s10661-009-0827-7]
14. Ganjali S. Environmental and strategic assessment of ecotourism potential in Anzali Wetland using SWOT analysis. CJES 2014;12(1):155-65.
15. Yap CK, Ismail A, Cheng WH, Tan SG. Crystalline style and tissue redistribution in Perna viridis as indicators of Cu and Pb bioavailabilities and contamination in coastal waters. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2006;63(3):413-23. [DOI:10.1016/j.ecoenv.2005.02.005]
16. Shahsavari-Pour N, Esmaili sari A, Vahabzadeh Roudsari H. Biomonitoring and evaluation of mercury contamination in the international Anzali wetland using aquatic plants. Int J Environ Sci Technol 2009; 3:269-80.
17. Riahi A, Fazeli MS, Paydar M. Determination of heavy metal content in Astacus leptodactylus caspicus of Anzali Wetland, Iran. Korean J. Ecol 2004;27(1):15-20. [DOI:10.5141/JEFB.2004.27.1.015]
18. Hu Y, Liu X, Bai J, Shih K, Zeng EY, Cheng H. Assessing heavy metal pollution in the surface soils of a region that had undergone three decades of intense industrialization and urbanization. Environ Sci Pollut Res 2013;20(9):6150-9. [DOI:10.1007/s11356-013-1668-z]
19. CCME (Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment). Canadian environmental quality guidelines. Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment. Winnipeg: Manitoba; 1999.
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

Write the security code in the box >

XML     Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Ganjali S, Ghasemi A. Heavy Metal Contamination in the Sediments of Anzali International Wetland, Northern Iran Based on Type Regional Development. IJT. 2016; 10 (5) :1-6
URL: http://ijt.arakmu.ac.ir/article-1-484-en.html

Volume 10, Issue 5 (September-October 2016) Back to browse issues page
مجله سم شناسی و مسمومیتهای ایران Iranian Journal of Toxicology
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 31 queries by YEKTAWEB 3660