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:: Volume 12, Issue 5 (September-October 2018) ::
IJT 2018, 12(5): 5-10 Back to browse issues page
Toxigenic Fungal Contamination for Assessment of Poultry Feeds: Mashed vs. Pellet
Seyed Soheil Ghaemmaghami , Hossien Nowroozi , Mahmoud Tohidi moghadam
Departments of Animal and Poultry Health and Nutrition, University of Tehran. Tehran, Iran. , mtohidimoghadam@alumni.ut.ac.ir
Abstract:   (240 Views)
Background: Much attention has been paid to poultry feed processing and the contamination In Iran in order to improve the production and reduce the waste.  No information is available on the fungal contamination and the strains found in processed (pellet) and non-processed (mash) poultry feeds. This study was designed to determine the hygienic condition and the risk of fungal contamination affecting the quality of poultry feeds (mashed vs. pellet).

Methods: A total of 90 samples of poultry feeds were collected from warehouses in Tehran and Alborz provinces. Samples were cultured on SDA, the CFUs were calculated, and the taxonomic identification of various fungal genera was made, both macroscopically and microscopically.

Results: Total mould counts for mashed feeds (15×103) was significantly (P<0.05) higher than pelleted feeds (11×102).  The most frequent fungal genus recovered were Fusarium spp (90%) and Aspergillus spp (70%) in mashed and pellet feeds, respectively.

Conclusion: Heat processing reduced fungal contamination in poultry feeds. However, some fungal species are able to survive heat exposure and continue to form spores. We concluded that the assessment of fungal contamination in poultry feeds deserves a high attention to improve the quality, hygiene and safety of the foods originated from poultry .

Keywords: Fungal Contamination, Mashed and Pellet, Processed Poultry Feed, Starter and Finisher Feeds
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
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Ghaemmaghami S S, Nowroozi H, Tohidi moghadam M. Toxigenic Fungal Contamination for Assessment of Poultry Feeds: Mashed vs. Pellet. IJT. 2018; 12 (5) :5-10
URL: http://ijt.arakmu.ac.ir/article-1-693-en.html

Volume 12, Issue 5 (September-October 2018) Back to browse issues page
مجله سم شناسی و مسمومیتهای ایران Iranian Journal of Toxicology
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