Write your message


XML Print


1- Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran.
2- Assistant professor, Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran. , kafshdouzan@semnan.ac.ir
3- Professor, Department of Immunology, Cancer Research Center, School of Medicine, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran.
4- Assistant professor, Department of Pharmacology, Cancer Research Center, School of Medicine, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran.
5- Assistant professor, Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran.
Abstract:   (142 Views)
Background: Heart failure (HF) has become one of the most prevalent cardiovascular problems worldwide. Considering the beneficial effects of probiotics on human health, we aimed to investigate the anti-inflammatory effect of oral administration of Lactobacillus paracasei in HF induced by isoproterenol.
Methods: Forty Wistar male rats weighing 80g on average were randomly assigned to five groups of eight each: control, probiotic, HF model, prophylaxis including probiotic + HF, and treatment (HF + probiotic). The rats were treated and examined over 30 days. Heart failure was induced by the subcutaneous injection of isoproterenol (5mg/kg) once daily for 10 days. At the completion of the study, the ratios of body, heart, and left ventricle weights (BW, HW & LVW), serum TNF-α levels, measured by ELISA, myocardial histopathological lesions were determined and compared among the groups. Cardiac hypertrophy was defined by comparing the LVW to total body weight for each animal.
Results: The LVW and LVW/HW ratio were significantly increased in the rats with HF (P<0.05). In the treatment group, the LVW/HW and serum TNF-α level were lower compared to those in the HF group. Also, the infiltration of inflammatory cells, necrosis, and myocardial hypertrophy were remarkably lower than those in the HF group.
Conclusions: The study findings indicate that the oral administration of Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei-8700:2 can reduce the cardiac hypertrophy, failure and inflammation induced by the administration of isoproterenol in rats. Therefore, the study results suggest a novel approach for the management and potential prevention of heart failure.
 
Full-Text [PDF 1933 kb]   (19 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Iranian Journal of Toxicology

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb