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1- Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Arak University, Arak, Iran.
2- Professor, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Arak University, Arak, Iran.
3- School of Medicine, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran.
Abstract:   (92 Views)
Background: In light of severe and growing shortages of clean water and the rising environmental pollution in many countries, seawater desalination has been an effective method to produce freshwater. Cationic membranes have enabled environmental scientists to effectively remove toxic heavy metals from wastewater and to regenerate freshwater.
Methods: We used a novel method, involving electro- and physico-chemical membranes to successfully remove toxic heavy metal ions (copper & chromium) from wastewater samples. Specifically, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy, surface wettability, flux, selectivity and electrical resistance measurements were applied to conduct this study.
Results: The obtained results illustrated relatively uniform foaming of the modified membranes. Also, electron microscopic images indicated almost even distribution of the particles. The dada indicated that applying polydopamine layer and incorporating nanofibers in monomer solution caused surface hydrophilic enhancement. Also, increased carbon nanofibers loading ratio to 0.07% raised the ionic flux. The data also showed a higher capacity in the modified membranes for the removal of copper and chromium ions from the wastewater samples. Although the surface modified membranes displayed a higher flux and lower permselectivity to some extents, utilizing nanoparticles led to a steady trend of ion elimination. Generally, carbon nanofibers incorporation to the membrane surface modified samples up to 0.1% weight, resulting in nearly a constant areal electrical resistance.
Conclusions: The novel method developed by this study is an excellent candidate with high potential for the removal of toxic heavy metal ions from wastewater samples.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General

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