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:: Volume 6, Issue 16 (Spring 2012) ::
IJT 2012, 6(16): 610-614 Back to browse issues page
Predictors of Poor Prognosis in Aluminum Phosphide Intoxication
Fakhredin Taghaddosi Nejad , Ali Banagozar Mohammadi , Behnam Behnoush , AmirMohammad Kazemifar , Maryam Zaare Nahandi , Soheila Dabiran , Mohammad Jamalian , Ali Bani sheikholeslami
Department of Internal Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran. , alibanagozar@gmail.com
Abstract:   (14364 Views)
Background: Aluminum phosphide as a fumigant is extensively used for wheat preservation from rodents and bugs especially in silos worldwide. There is increasing number of acute intoxication with this potentially lethal compound because of its easy availability. We have tried to locate predictors of poor prognosis in patients with aluminum phosphide intoxication in order to find patients who need more strict medical cares.
Methods: All cases of aluminum phosphide intoxication that had been referred to our hospital during April 2008 to March 2010 were studied by their medical dossiers. Pertinent data including vital signs, demographic features, clinical and lab findings, and incidence of any complication were collected and analyzed by the relevant statistical methods.
Results: Sixty seven cases of aluminum phosphide intoxication were included in the study. 44.8% of them were male. 97% of cases were suicidal. Mean amount of ingestion was 1.23+/- 0.71 tablets. Mortality rate was 41.8%. ECG abnormality and need for mechanical ventilation had negative relation with outcome.
Conclusion: Correlation between some findings and complications with outcome in aluminum phosphide intoxication can be used as guidance for risk assessment and treatment planning in the patients.
Keywords: Aluminum Phosphide, Fumigant, Intoxication, Poisoning, Suicide.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
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Taghaddosi Nejad F, Banagozar Mohammadi A, Behnoush B, Kazemifar A, Zaare Nahandi M, Dabiran S, et al . Predictors of Poor Prognosis in Aluminum Phosphide Intoxication. IJT. 2012; 6 (16) :610-614
URL: http://ijt.arakmu.ac.ir/article-1-122-en.html

Volume 6, Issue 16 (Spring 2012) Back to browse issues page
مجله سم شناسی و مسمومیتهای ایران Iranian Journal of Toxicology
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