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:: Volume 8, Number 24 (Spring 2014) ::
IJT 2014, 8(24): 983-990 Back to browse issues page
A Study on Membrane Bioreactor for Water Reuse from the Effluent of Industrial Town Wastewater Treatment Plant
Majid Hosseinzadeh *, Gholamreza Nabi Bidhendi, Ali Torabian, Naser Mehrdadi
Graduate Faculty of Environment, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran. , hosseinzadeh_m@ut.ac.ir
Abstract:   (2518 Views)
Background: Considering the toxic effects of heavy metals and microbial pathogens in industrial wastewaters, it is necessary to treat metal and microbial contaminated wastewater prior to disposal in the environment. The purpose of this study is to assess the removal of heavy metals pollution and microbial contamination from a mixture of municipal and industrial wastewater using membrane bioreactor. 
Methods:A pilot study with a continuous stream was conducted using a 32-L-activated sludge with a flat sheet membrane. Actual wastewater from industrial wastewater treatment plant was used in this study. Membrane bioreactor was operated with a constant flow rate of 4 L/hr and chemical oxygen demand, suspended solids concentration, six heavy metals concentration, and total coliform amounts were recorded during the operation.
Results: High COD, suspended solids, heavy metals, and microbial contamination removal was measured during the experiment. The average removal percentages obtained by the MBR system were 81% for Al, 53% for Fe, 94% for Pb, 91% for Cu, 59% for Ni, and 49% for Cr which indicated the presence of Cu, Ni, and Cr in both soluble and particle forms in mixed liquor while Al, Fe, and Pb were mainly in particulate form. Also, coliforms in the majority of the samples were <140 MPN/100mL that showed that more than 99.9% of total coliform was removed in MBR effluent.
Conclusion: The Membrane Biological Reactor (MBR) showed a good performance to remove heavy metals and microbial matters as well as COD and suspended solids. The effluent quality was suitable for reusing purposes.
Keywords: Heavy Metals, Industrial Wastewater, Membrane Bioreactor, Microbial Matters.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
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Hosseinzadeh M, Nabi Bidhendi G, Torabian A, Mehrdadi N. A Study on Membrane Bioreactor for Water Reuse from the Effluent of Industrial Town Wastewater Treatment Plant. IJT. 2014; 8 (24) :983-990
URL: http://ijt.arakmu.ac.ir/article-1-304-en.html
Volume 8, Number 24 (Spring 2014) Back to browse issues page
مجله سم شناسی و مسمومیتهای ایران Iranian Journal of Toxicology
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