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:: Volume 8, Number 25 (Summer 2014) ::
IJT 2014, 8(25): 1086-1092 Back to browse issues page
Investigation of Acute Toxicity Diazinon, Deltamethrin, Butachlor and pretilachlor on Zebra Cichlid (Cryptoheros nigrofasciatus)
Ali Sadeghi *, Aliakbar Hedayati
MSc Student, Gorgan University of Agricultural Science and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran. , sadeghi.a_shilat@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (2978 Views)
Background: The presence of pesticide due to the huge demand for agricultural purposes is very prevalent in surface waters of Iran. These pesticides could finally accumulate in aquatic ecosystems and have been proved to have toxic effects on aquatic animals. The aim of this study was to assess the acute toxicity of Diazinon, Deltamethrin, Butachlor and Pretilachlor on Zebra Cichlid (Cryptoheros nigrofasciatus).
Methods: Fish samples were exposed to different concentrations of Diazinon (60%) (0, 2, 4, 8, 16 and 32 ppm), Deltamethrin (2.5%) (0, 0.02, 0.04, 0.10, 0.20 and 0.40 ppm), butachlor (60%) (0, 2, 4, 8, 16 and 32 ppm) and pretilachlor (50%) (0, 5, 10, 20, 30 and 40 ppm) for 96 h within the 100 L glass aquaria and cumulative mortality of Zebra Cichlid fish was calculated in 24-h interval.
Results: The very low LC50 obtained for diazinon (5.06±0.37 ppm), deltamethrin (0.15±0.39 ppm), butachlor (8.93±0.26 ppm) and pretilachlor (20.72±0.58 ppm) indicated that these are highly toxic chemicals.
Conclusion: Our results demonstrate that deltamethrin and pretilachlor had the lowest and highest rate of mortality on the Zebra Cichlid respectively.
Keywords: Butachlor, Deltamethrin, Diazinon, LC50, Pretilachlor, Zebra Cichlid.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
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Sadeghi A, Hedayati A. Investigation of Acute Toxicity Diazinon, Deltamethrin, Butachlor and pretilachlor on Zebra Cichlid (Cryptoheros nigrofasciatus). IJT. 2014; 8 (25) :1086-1092
URL: http://ijt.arakmu.ac.ir/article-1-327-en.html
Volume 8, Number 25 (Summer 2014) Back to browse issues page
مجله سم شناسی و مسمومیتهای ایران Iranian Journal of Toxicology
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