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:: Volume 5, Number 12 and 13 (Spring & Summer 2011) ::
IJT 2011, 5(12 and 13): 460-467 Back to browse issues page
Concentration of Mercury in Selected Tissues of the Caspian Lamprey (Caspiomyzon wagneri) Migrants in Spawning Season
Sharif Joorabian Shooshtari *, Mojtaba Shirood Najafi, Neda Khosravi, Seyed Mahmoud Ghasempouri, Abbas Esmaili Sari
Department of Environment, Faculty of Natural Resources and Marine Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Noor, Iran , sharif_shooshtari@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (10762 Views)
Background: Mercury (Hg) is considered a global pollutant because Hg0 which is the predominant form of atmospheric Hg resides in the atmosphere for as long as 0.5 to 2 years. Mercury has many negative effects on the reproductive, respiratory, and immune systems.
Methods:
In this study, 24 Caspian lampreys (Caspiomyzon wagneri) were transported to the university laboratory and then stored in -20 oC until they were dissected. The liver, muscle, skin, ovaries, and testes were all dissected out. All samples were freeze-dried and ground by a mortar and pestle into powder. The specimens were analyzed by a Leco AMA254 mercury analyzer.
Results: The order of mercury concentration in the lamprey tissues was as follows: Muscle > ovaries > liver > skin > testes. The mean values of mercury in muscle and testes were 192.25 ± 7.10 and 21.42 ± 1.48 Hg ng/g dry weight, respectively. There were no significant differences (N = 24) between the sexes in the Hg level of most tissues except for gonads. Discussion: A comparison with some ammocoetes of jawless fishes shows a 10 times less concentration than other records. This difference probably is due to non-parasitic behavior and use of various sources of nutrition in other species.
Conclusion: In comparison of other kind of sea lamprey, due to detritivore habits of Caspian lamprey on a very specific part of food web (non-live food only in the sea floor), the supposed species can introduce as a special indicator of mercury and heavy metal levels in the aquatic ecosystem.
Keywords: Biomonitor, Caspian Lamprey, Mercury level, Shirud River, Iran
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
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Joorabian Shooshtari S, Shirood Najafi M, Khosravi N, Ghasempouri S M, Esmaili Sari A. Concentration of Mercury in Selected Tissues of the Caspian Lamprey (Caspiomyzon wagneri) Migrants in Spawning Season. IJT. 2011; 5 (12 and 13) :460-467
URL: http://ijt.arakmu.ac.ir/article-1-42-en.html
Volume 5, Number 12 and 13 (Spring & Summer 2011) Back to browse issues page
مجله سم شناسی و مسمومیتهای ایران Iranian Journal of Toxicology
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