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:: Volume 10, Issue 3 (May-June 2016) ::
IJT 2016, 10(3): 19-27 Back to browse issues page
Effects of GST Polymorphism on Ameliorative Effect of Curcumin and Carvacrol against DNA Damage Induced by Combined Treatment of Malathion and Parathion
Neeraj Kumar , Anita Yadav *, Sachin Gulati , Kanu Priya , Neeraj Aggarwal , Ranjan Gupta
Department of Biotechnology, Kurukshetra University Kurukshetra, Haryana, India. , ayadav@kuk.ac.in
Abstract:   (1261 Views)

Background: Organophosphorus pesticides has been widely used in agriculture fields to control various crop insects and their extensive use pose human life at threat because of their adverse effects on human health. In this study, we checked the effects of GST polymorphism on ameliorative effect of curcumin and carvacrol against DNA damages.

Methods: Comet assay was used to assess the DNA damage and results were expressed as Tail moment. Heparinised fresh blood from healthy individuals was treated with combined concentration of malathion and parathion (i.e. 30 µg/ml of malathion and 2.5 µg/ml of parathion) in presence of combination of curcumin and carvacrol (25 µg/ml curcumin + 2.5 µg/ml carvacrol and 50 µg/ml curcumin + 5.0 µg/ml carvacrol) in order to observe the ameliorative role of curcumin and carvacrol. Multiplex PCR was performed for GSTM1 and GSTT1 genotyping.

Results: Curcumin in combination with carvacrol (i.e. 25 µg/ml curcumin + 2.5 µg/ml carvacrol and 50 µg/ml curcumin + 5.0 µg/ml carvacrol) significantly reduced the DNA damage caused by combined action of malathion and parathion which supports their antigenotoxic property. No significant relationship of GSTT1 and GSTM1 polymorphism with genotoxicity of both the pesticides and antigenotoxic potential of curcumin and carvacrol was observed.

Conclusion: Malathion and parathion were genotoxic in human PBL. Curcumin and carvacrol had an antigenotoxic effect against the malathion and parathion while there was not any significant effect of GSTT1 and GSTM1 polymorphism on genotoxicity of these pesticides and antigenotoxicity of curcumin and carvacrol.

Keywords: Carvacrol, Comet Assay, Curcumin, Malathion, Parathion, Tail Moment Genotoxicity.
Full-Text [PDF 358 kb]   (422 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
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Kumar N, Yadav A, Gulati S, Priya K, Aggarwal N, Gupta R. Effects of GST Polymorphism on Ameliorative Effect of Curcumin and Carvacrol against DNA Damage Induced by Combined Treatment of Malathion and Parathion . IJT. 2016; 10 (3) :19-27
URL: http://ijt.arakmu.ac.ir/article-1-466-en.html

Volume 10, Issue 3 (May-June 2016) Back to browse issues page
مجله سم شناسی و مسمومیتهای ایران Iranian Journal of Toxicology
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