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Volume 12, Issue 6 (November-December 2018)                   IJT 2018, 12(6): 27-31 | Back to browse issues page

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Khalsi F, Trablesi I, Belhadj I, Brahmi N, Hamouda S, Boussetta K. Acute Pesticide Poisoning in Children: A Review of 50 Cases. IJT. 2018; 12 (6) :27-31
URL: http://ijt.arakmu.ac.ir/article-1-709-en.html
1- Department of Pediatrics B, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tunis El Manar. Tunis, Tunisia. , halsif@gmail.com
2- Department of Pediatrics B, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tunis El Manar. Tunis, Tunisia.
3- Professor of Toxicology, Emergency Medical Assistance Center of Tunis, Faculty of Medicine, University Tunis El Manar. Tunis, Tunisia.
Abstract:   (1290 Views)
Background: Pesticide poisoning is very common in Tunisia. Various factors are involved in the analysis of the clinical presentations and the severity of this condition. Major factors are the chemical nature of the pesticides and the quantity entered the body.
Methods: This is a retrospective study, reporting the pediatric cases that presented to us with signs and symptoms of pesticide poisoning. Fifty cases pesticide poisoning were admitted to the hospital between January 2013 and October 2016.
Results: A total of 50 pediatric cases were included in this study with the mean age of 3 years and 4months. The poisoning was accidental in 49 cases and self-inflicted in one, with the mode being oral (N=45), respiratory (N=2) and cutaneous (N=3). The average duration of hospital care for these patients was 2 hours and 30 minutes (range: 30 min-24 hr). The clinical manifestations of poisoning noted were due to muscarinic and nicotinic receptors inhibition. Upon clinical examination, 29 patients had no pesticide in the gastric lavage fluid and urine and demonstrated no abnormal cholinesterase activity. The therapeutic management was mainly symptomatic with antidote medications prescribed (atropine and oxime). All patients had favorable outcomes and no death occurred.
Conclusion: This study demonstrated the frequency of pesticide poisoning in a pediatric setting and the importance of early management. Optimal therapeutic approaches were evaluated, demonstrating that prevention still remains the best solution in such cases.
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Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Special

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