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Volume 3, Issue 3 (Autumn 2010)                   IJT 2010, 3(3): 302-310 | Back to browse issues page

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Badalians Gholikandi G, Baneshi M M, Dehghanifard E, Salehi S, Yari A R. Natural Zeolites Application as Sustainable Adsorbent for Heavy Metals Removal from Drinking Water. IJT. 2010; 3 (3) :302-310
URL: http://ijt.arakmu.ac.ir/article-1-53-en.html
1- Power and Water University of Technology (PWUT), Water Research Institute (WRI), Tehran, Iran
2- Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3- Water and Wastewater Research Center, Water Research Institute (WRI)/Environmental Health Engineering Department, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4- Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran , salehi1362@yahoo.com
5- Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran
Abstract:   (17553 Views)
Background: There are great resources of natural zeolite in Iran. Zeolite, an inorganic ion-exchanger, may be used as a suitable technical-economical solution for water treatment in many regions of Iran. In this study, the characterization of natural zeolite natrolite and the feasibility of removing hardness, cations, and anions were investigated.
Methods: First, zeolite composition and type were determined using X-ray Fluorescence (XRF), thermal analysis, and infrared spectrometer. Also, cation exchange capacity (CEC) and its impact on water hardness reduction evaluated. Then, isotherm curves for Fe, Cr, Al, Bi, Cd, Mn, Ca, Mg, Ag, Ni, Zn, Cu, Pb, and their disposition to zeolite phase besides removal rate of the mentioned cations in analyzed water samples identified. Eventually, zeolite structure was rectified using surfactant (HMNDA) for anions removal.
Results: Natrolite zeolite was more effective for waters with higher hardness, but it turned out to be moderate for waters with lower hardness. The ability of natrolite zeolite for permanent hardness removal was more than others and was less for temporary hardness. Also, the natrolite zeolite was more effective in removing non-heavy metal cations and by increasing the HMNDA concentration, arsenate anion removed fast from water samples. However, by pH increases in the water sample, the arsenate anion removal arbitrarily changed : less in pH=3. But the removal efficiency got better in alkaline pH. It is obvious that by increasing the pH of water samples, the removal efficiency will decrease. In spite of that, the removal efficiency of chromate ion , in acidity pH, was more than alkaline. The maximum removal of Cr (VI) occurred in acidic media at pH<1.5.
Conclusion: The natrolite zeolite could remove different heavy metals from drinking water. Moreover, the removal efficiency of natrolite zeolite was enhansed by surfactant modification.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General

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